Measuring Up: Canadian Results of the OECD PISA 2022 Study The Performance of Canadian 15-Year-Olds in Mathematics, Reading, and Science


Results from PISA 2022 were released on December 5, 2023.

Eighty-one countries and economies took part in PISA 2022. Approximately 690,000 15-year-old students, including approximately 23,000 Canadian students, were tested on their skills and knowledge in three core learning areas: mathematics, reading, and science.

The major focus of PISA 2022 was mathematics, while reading and science were tested as minor domains, creative thinking as an innovative domain, and financial literacy as an optional minor domain.

Mathematics was assessed through the following eight subscales:


  • a mathematical reasoning subscale;
  • three subscales for mathematical problem solving: formulating, employing, and interpreting; and
  • four content knowledge subscales: change and relationships; quantity; space and shape; and uncertainty and data.

As part of the assessment, students and their school principals also completed questionnaires to provide contextual information on the performance results. The context questionnaires measured:


  • student background;
  • student beliefs, attitudes, feelings, and behaviours;
  • teaching practices and learning opportunities;
  • school practices and learning opportunities;
  • school policies and infrastructure; and,
  •  governance, system-level policies, and practices.

Canada is releasing its own companion report to the OECD report to provide further information on student performance in the three core domains at the provincial level. Results are compared to other participating countries and economies, and across Canadian provinces.

Canada’s participation in PISA 2022 was made possible through close collaboration between CMEC and Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC).

Further information about PISA can be found on the OECD website.

PISA 2022 assessment and analytical frameworks are available at:

Sample test questions can be accessed at:


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